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Originalartikel | erschienen - Druck | peer reviewed

Longitudinal effects of subjective aging on health and longevity: An updated meta-analysis.

PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING 2023 / May ; 38(3): 147 - 166


Bibliometric indicators

Citations (WOS) = 2

DOI = 10.1037/pag0000737

PubMed-ID = 36972091


Westerhof G*, Nehrkorn-Bailey A, Tseng H, Brothers A, Siebert J, Wurm S1, Wahl H, Diehl M


This article updates and extends an earlier meta-analysis (Westerhof et al., 2014) on the longitudinal effects of subjective aging (SA) on health outcomes. A systematic search in different databases (APA PsycInfo, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus) resulted in 99 articles, reporting on 107 studies. Participants: Studies had a median sample size of 1,863 adults with a median age of 66 years. A randomized effect meta-analysis showed a significant, small effect (likelihood ratio = 1.347; 95% confidence interval [1.300, 1.396]; < .001), similar in magnitude to the previous meta-analysis of 19 studies. Although the results showed high heterogeneity in the longitudinal link between SA and health outcomes, there were no differences in effects according to chronological age of participants, welfare state status (more or less developed social security system), length of follow-up, type of health-related outcome, or quality of the study. Effects were stronger for multiitem measures of self-perceptions of aging than for the frequently used single-item measures assessing subjective age, especially for indicators of physical health. Based on this meta-analysis, building on five times more studies than the 2014 review, we consider the associations of measures of SA with health and longevity across time as robust, albeit small in size. Future research should concentrate on the clarification of pathways mediating the relation between SA and health outcomes, as well as potential bidirectional effects. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

Published in


Year 2023
Month/Hj May
Impact Factor (2023)
Volume 38
Issue 3
Pages 147 - 166
Open Access nein
Peer reviewed ja
Article type Originalartikel
Article state erschienen - Druck
DOI 10.1037/pag0000737
PubMed-ID 36972091

Common journal data

ISSN: 0882-7974
eISSN: 1939-1498
Country: USA
Language: English

Impact factor trend

Year Impact Factor
2008 2.773
2009 2.733
2010 3.118
2011 2.729
2012 3.089
2013 2.913
2014 2.646
2015 2.725
2016 2.812
2017 2.361
2018 2.608
2019 2.107
2020 3.34
2021 4.201

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